Abbreviations for CNT-2300

From ITCwiki

'Maria Tschida Service Project July 2010'


Abbreviations for CNT2300 PC Hardware/Software

  • A – Amps
  • AC- Alternate current
  • ACL – Access Control List
  • ACPI – Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
  • ADSL – Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
  • AFH – Adaptive Frequency Hopping
  • AGP – Accelerated Graphics Port
  • AMPS – Advanced Mobile Phone System
  • ANSI – American Standards Instititute
  • APIPA – Automatic Private IP Addressing
  • APM – Advanced Power Management
  • ARP – Address Resolution Protocol
  • ASCII – American Standard Code for Information Interchange
  • ASR – Automated System Recovery
  • AT – Attention Characters
  • ATA – Advanced Technology Attachment
  • ATX-Advanced Technology Extender
  • AUX – Auxiliary


  • BASE – Baseband Transmission
  • BD – Blue ray Disc
  • BD-R – Blue ray Disc Recordable
  • BD-RE - Blue ray Disc Rewritable
  • BD-ROM - Blue ray Disc read only Media
  • BIOS- Basic Input Output System
  • BISDN – Broadband Integrated Services Digital Network
  • BMP – Bit Map Picture
  • bps – Bits Per Second
  • BRI – Basic Rate Interface


  • C: - Hard Drive
  • CAD - computer-aided design
  • CD – Compact Disk
  • CDMA – Code Division Multiple Access
  • CD-RW – Compact Disc Rewritable
  • CHIP3 – Chemicals Hazards Information and Packaging for supply Regulations 2002
  • CISC – Complex Instruction Set Computer
  • CISCO - Corps Information Systems Control Officer
  • CLI – Command Line Interface
  • CMOS – Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
  • CMYK- Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black
  • CMYO - cyan, magenta, yellow, and clear overcoat
  • COM – (port)
  • CPU – Central Processing Unit
  • CRT – Cathode-ray Ray Tube
  • CRU – Customer Replaceable Unit
  • CSMA/CD - Carrier Sense Multiple Access w. Collision Detection


  • DAT – Digital Audio Tape
  • DC – Direct Current
  • DIP – Dual Inline Package
  • DDoS – Distributed Denial of Service
  • DDR – Double Data Rate
  • DHCP – Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
  • DIP – Dual Inline Package
  • DLT – Digital Linear Tape
  • DLP – Digital Light processing
  • DMA – Direct Memory Access
  • DMD – Digital Micro mirror Device
  • DNS – Domain Name System
  • DoS – Denial of Service
  • DPI – Dots Per Inch
  • DRAM – Dynamic RAM
  • DSL – Digital Subscriber Line
  • DVD – Digital Versatile Disc
  • DVI – Digital Visual Interface


  • ECP – Enhanced Capabilities Port
  • EEPROM – Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
  • EIDE – Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics
  • EMI- Electro Magnetic Interference
  • EPI – Environmental Protection Agency
  • EPP – Enhanced Parallel Port
  • EPROM – Electrically Programmable Read Only Memory
  • ERD – Emergency Repair Disk
  • eSATA – External Serial Advanced Technology Attachment
  • ESD – Electro Static Discharge
  • EULA – End User License Agreement


  • FAT32 – File Allocation Table, 32- bit
  • FDD – Floppy Disc Drive
  • FDDI – Fiber Distributed Data Interface
  • FRU – Field Replaceable Unit
  • FSB – Front Side Bus
  • FTP – File Transfer Protocal


  • GB – Giga Bytes ( Billions of bytes)
  • GDI – Graphics Device Interface
  • GHz – Giga Hertz
  • GPS – Global Positioning System
  • GPU – Graphics Processing Unit
  • GSM – Global System for Mobile
  • GUI – Graphical User Interface


  • HAL – Hardware Abstract ion Layer
  • HCL – Hardware Compatibility List
  • HDD – Hard Disc Drive
  • HDSL - High Data Rate Digital Subscriber Line
  • HTML - Hypertext Markup Language
  • HTTP – Hypertext Transfer Protocol
  • HTTPS – Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure
  • HVC – Horizontal Vertical Colors
  • Hz - Hertz


  • I – Current
  • IAB – Internet Architecture Board
  • IBM - International Business Machines
  • ICMP - Internet Control Message Protocol
  • IDE – Integrated Drive Electronics
  • iDEN - Integrated Digital Enhancement Network
  • IEC - International Electro technical Commission
  • IEEE – Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
  • IGP – Interior Gateway Protocol
  • iLINK- FireWire
  • IM – Instant Messaging
  • IMAP - Internet Message Access Protocol
  • I/O – Input/Output
  • IP – Internet Protocol
  • IR - Infrared
  • IRQ – Interrupt Requests
  • ISDN – Integrated Services Data Interface
  • ISM - Industrial, Scientific, & Medical band
  • ISO – International Standards Organization
  • ISP - Internet Service Provider


  • JPEG – Joint Photographic Expert Group


  • Kb – Kilo bits
  • KB – Kilo Bytes
  • KBps – Kilo Bytes Per Second
  • KVM - Keyboard, Video, Mouse switch


  • LAN – Local Area Network
  • LCD – Liquid Crystal Display
  • LEAP – Lightweight Extensible Authentication Protocol
  • LED – Light Emitting Diode


  • M – Meters
  • MAC – Media Access Control
  • MB – Mega Byte
  • Mbps – Mega bits per second
  • MBR- Master Boot Record
  • MDF - Main Distribution Facility
  • MHz- Mega Hertz
  • MIDI - Musical Instrument Digital Interface
  • MMX - (multi media instructions)
  • MSAU – Multi Station Access Unit
  • MSDS – Material Data and Safety Sheet
  • MTBF – Mean Time Between Failure


  • NAP - Network Access Point
  • NAT – Network Address Translation
  • NIC – Network Interface Card
  • NLQ – Near Letter Quality
  • NMT – Nordic Mobile Telephone
  • NOS – Network Operating System
  • NTFS – New Technology File System
  • NTLDR – NT Loader


  • OCR – Optical Character Recognition
  • OS – Operating System
  • OSHA –Occupational Safety and Health Administration
  • OSI – Open System Interconnect


  • P – Power
  • PATA – Parallel Advanced Technology Attachment
  • PC – Personal Computer
  • PCI – Peripheral Component Interface
  • PCL – Printer Control Language
  • PCIe – ( expansion slots)
  • PCMCIA – Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
  • PDA – Personal Digital Assistants
  • PDL – Page Description Language
  • PDU – Protocol Data Units
  • PGA - Pin Grid Array
  • Ping – Packet Internet Gopher
  • PLC – Power Line Communication
  • PLN – Power Line Networking
  • PLT – Power Line Telecoms
  • PnP – Plug and Play
  • POST – Power On Self Test
  • POTS – Plain Old Telephone Service
  • PPM – Pages Per Minute
  • PPP – Point to Point Protocol
  • PRI – Primary Rate Interface
  • PROM – Programmable Read-Only Memory
  • PSTN – Public Switched Telephone Network


  • R – Resistance
  • RAID – Redundant Array of Independent Disks
  • RAM - Random Access Memory
  • RAS – Remote Access Server
  • RFI – Radio Frequency Interference
  • RGB – Red, Blue, Green
  • RIP – Routing Information Protocol
  • RIS – Remote Installation Services
  • RISC – Reduced Instruction Set Computer
  • ROM – Read Only Memory
  • RPM – Revolutions per minute


  • SATA – Serial Advanced Technology Attachment
  • SCSI – Small Computer System Interface
  • SD – Secure Digital
  • SDRAM – Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
  • SDSL – Symmetric Digital Subscriber Line
  • SFC – System File Checker
  • SID – System Security Identifier
  • SIMM – Single Inline Memory Module
  • SLA – Service Level Agreement
  • SMTP – Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
  • SODIMM - (laptop expansion memory)
  • SOHO – Small Office/Home Office
  • SP/2- Service pack 2
  • SPS – Standby Power Supply
  • SRAM – Static Random Access Memory
  • SSD – Solis State Drive
  • SSE – Streaming Single-instruction-multi-data extensions
  • SSH – Secure Socket Host
  • SSID – Service Set Identifier
  • STP – Shielded Twisted Pair
  • Sysprep- Microsoft System Preparation


  • TCO – Total Cost of Ownership
  • TCP– Transmission Control Protocol
  • TCP/IP – Transmission Control Protocol /Internet Protocol
  • TIA – Telecommunications Industry Association
  • TIFF – Tagged Image File Format


  • UAC – User Account Control
  • UDP – User Datagram Protocol
  • UPS – Uninterrupted Power Supply
  • USB- Universal Serial Bus
  • USMT – User State Migration Tool
  • UTP – Unshielded Twisted Pair


  • V – Voltage
  • VDSL – Very high data rate DSL
  • VGA – Video Graphics Array
  • VoIP - Voice over Internet Protocol
  • VPN – Virtual Private Network


  • W – Watts
  • WAN – Wide Area Network
  • WAP - Wired Access Point
  • WEP – Wired Equivalent Privacy
  • Wi-Fi - Wireless Fidelity
  • WLAN – Wireless Local Area Network
  • WPA- Wi-Fi Protected Access
  • WTLS- Wireless Transport Layer Security


  • ZIF – Zero Insertion Force